‘Nor Is It Neutral’: New Technologies and the International Criminal Court

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Alexa Koenig, Lindsay Freeman
Publication Date
October 26, 2023
Publication Type
Book Chapter
International Criminal Law, International Humanitarian Law, Open Source Investigations, Technology


In this essay, we focus on the activities of the International Criminal Court, with an emphasis on the Office of the Prosecutor to outline three ways in which digital technologies have been and are increasingly impacting investigations and prosecutions. We also consider trends that we anticipate will have a growing impact on the Court’s operations. Specifically, we assess 1) the benefits digital technologies have provided (and are increasingly providing) with regards to conducting international criminal investigations; 2) the limitations of and challenges to their use; and 3) the ways in which digital technologies are enabling crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court.