Senior Research Fellows
Carolyn Patty Blum is a Clinical Professor of Law Emerita at the University of California, Berkeley, where she founded and directed the International Human Rights Law Clinic. She is a Visiting Fellow at the University of Oxford, where she is a member of the faculty of the Masters’ Program in International Human Rights Law. School. During her over forty year career as a human rights and refugee scholar, teacher and lawyer, she also has taught at Columbia University Law School and Cardozo Law and has worked for major human rights organizations and international foundations as a consultant, including the International Center for Transitional Justice, the Center of Constitutional Rights, the Open Society Foundation, among others. Her work with the Center for Justice and Accountability included her successful civil litigation against three of the top commanders in the Salvadoran military during their reign of state terror in the 1980s. She also was on the team for the case against one of the top Salvadoran commanders, who ordered the 1989 murder of the six Jesuit priests and their housekeeper and her daughter. After his extradition from the U.S. to Spain, former Vice Minister of Defense Montano was convicted of the murders and sentenced to prison for the rest of his life. Professor Blum’s areas of expertise and publication are refugee law, transitional justice and accountability, human rights and national security, and human rights and film; in addition, she has litigated dozens of other asylum and human rights cases. She holds a JD from Northeastern University School of Law.
Charles H. Brenner has been a world leader in calculation of statistical significance for DNA testing since 1977. He received his PhD in Number Theory from UCLA in 1984. The International Commission on Missing Persons uses his DNA software (DNA-VIEW) for assessing the significance of matches. This software is used in 50 laboratories in four continents. Dr. Brenner is widely published in leading forensic science and human genetics journals on both DNA matters and paternity attribution. He is actively involved as a consultant in aspects of the identification of the World Trade Center and tsunami victims.
Camille Crittenden, PhD, serves as Deputy Director of CITRIS, Director of the CITRIS Connected Communities Initiative, and Executive Director of the CITRIS Social Apps Lab. Prior to coming to CITRIS in 2012, she was Executive Director of the Human Rights Center at Berkeley Law, where she helped to develop its program in human rights, technology, and new media. She has written and spoken widely on these topics, as well as technology applications for civic engagement, government transparency and accountability, and the digital divide. She held previous positions as Assistant Dean for Development with International and Area Studies at UC Berkeley and in development and public relations at University of California Press and San Francisco Opera. She earned an MA and PhD from Duke University.
Sarah Warshauer Freedman is Professor in the Graduate School of Education at the University of California, Berkeley. She served as Co-Principal Investigator on “Education for Reconciliation: Building a History Curriculum after Genocide,” a project with the National University of Rwanda. Dr. Freedom is a member of the National Academy of Education (NAEd), a fellow of the American Eduational Research Association, and an associate of the National Conference for Research in the Language Arts. She has served as an adviser for many groups, including the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, the National Assessment of Educational Progress, and the Children’s Television Workshop. She has been a fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences and at the Rockefeller Foundation’s Bellagio Study and Conference Center. In recent years, she has added an emphasis on social studies, studying the Role of Education in Reconstructing Societies after Genocide in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia. Her current research in the divided societies of Northern Ireland, South Africa, and the US is funded by a multi-year award from the Spencer Foundation and involves a partnership with Facing History and Ourselves.
Vincent Iacopino, MD, PhD, is Medical Director at Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) and Adjunct Professor of Medicine with the University of Minnesota Medical School. He has participated in health and human rights research, investigations and advocacy for more than twenty years. Dr. Iacopino has represented PHR and/or supervised medical fact-finding investigations to Afghanistan, Albania, Botswana, Burma, Chad, Chechyna, Iraq, Kashmir, Kosovo, Kyrgyzystan, Macedonia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Mexico, Nigeria, Punjab, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Sudan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, the United States, and Zimbabwe, and documented the health consequences of a wide range of human rights violations. He is the former Medical Director of Survivors International of Northern California, a non-profit organization providing medical and psychological assistance to survivors of torture from around the world. Dr. Iacopino was the principal organizer of an international effort to develop UN guidelines on effective investigation and documentation of torture and ill treatment (the Istanbul Protocol) and has served as a consultant to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. He has been one of the pioneers in conceptualizing the relationship between health and human rights. He has taught health and human rights courses at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health since 1995 and is the author of more than sixty health and human rights publications. In 2004, Dr. Iacopino received the Center for Victims of Torture’s Eclipse Award for extraordinary service on behalf of torture survivors. In 2005, he also received the Distinguished Alumni Award from the Department of Medicine of the University of Minnesota.
Gilles Peress is an internationally renowned photographer and recipient of the 1996 International Center of Photography Infinity Award among many others. He has been with Magnum Photos, the prestigious photography agency founded by Robert Capa, since 1971. His photographs are exhibited in and collected by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Chicago Art Institute; and the Minneapolis Institute of Art, among others. His books include Telex Iran: In the Name of the Revolution, The Silence, Farewell to Bosnia, The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar (with Eric Stover), and A Village Destroyed, May 14, 1999: War Crimes in Kosovo (with Fred Abrahams and Eric Stover).
Victor Peskin, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the School of Politics and Global Studies at Arizona State University. He is the author of International Justice in Rwanda and the Balkans: Virtual Trials and the Struggle for State Cooperation (2008), which examined the conditions under which states implicated in atrocities cooperate with international tribunals. Professor Peskin is also co-author (with Eric Stover and Alexa Koenig) of Hiding in Plain Sight: The Pursuit of War Criminals from Nuremberg to the War on Terror (2016). His current work builds on this project by examining the political and legal dimensions of the International Criminal Court.
Hernán Reyes, MD, is former medical coordinator for Health in Prisons for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), a post he occupied from 1984–2012. A graduate of Geneva University Medical School (Switzerland), with a doctorate in Medicine and FMH specialization in Obstetrics and Gynaecology (Foederatio Medicorum Helveticorum: Swiss medical federation), he joined the ICRC in 1982 as medical doctor, specifically for health activities related to persons in custody. Dr. Reyes documented prison health as well as ill-treatment, human rights violations, and torture for the ICRC in more than 45 countries around the world during his 28 years with the institution Dr. Reyes has taught two generations of ICRC medical staff on health in prison issues, torture and its consequences, solitary confinement and other forms of abuse, on management and mismanagement of hunger strikes, and many other related subjects. Since 1991, he has been medical Observer for the ICRC to the World Medical Association (WMA) and its Ethics Committee, working closely with the WMA on many ethical issues of concern in prisons.
Patricia Viseur Sellers is an international criminal attorney and a special advisor for prosecution strategies to the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. Ms. Sellers is also a Visiting Fellow at Kellogg College of Oxford University, where she lectures on international criminal law. She was the Legal Advisor for Gender, Acting Head of the Legal Advisory Section and a prosecutor at the Yugoslav (ICTY) Tribunal from 1994 until February 2007. She developed the legal strategies and was a member of the trial teams of Akayesu, Furundzija, and Kunarac. These landmark decisions remain the pre-imminent legal standards for the interpretation of sexual violence as war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, torture and enslavement. She has served as a legal advisor and a trial attorney at the International Criminal Tribunals in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. She has also served as an expert consultant to UN bodies addressing children and armed conflict, gender and women’s rights, and internal investigations. Ms. Sellers advises governments, such as Colombia, Guatemala, Libya, and Kenya, international institutions, such as the UN and OSCE, and civil society organisations on international criminal law and humanitarian law. Ms. Sellers has lectured extensively and authored many articles on gender and sexual violence under international criminal law. She has received multiple awards for her work, including the American Society of International Law’s Prominent Women in Law award. She holds a JD from the University of Pennsylvania and a BA from Rutgers University.
Harvey Weinstein, MD, MPH, is a retired Clinical Professor in the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley. From 1998 to 2005, Dr. Weinstein was Associate Director of the Human Rights Center, where he directed the Forced Migration and Health Project. He worked in the Balkans (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, and Croatia) and Rwanda for more than five years. He was Co-Principal Investigator on three recent projects: “Communities in Crisis: Justice, Accountability, and Social Reconstruction in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia,” “Intrastate Conflict and Social Reconstruction,” and “Education for Reconciliation.” With Eric Stover, he co-edited the book My Neighbor, My Enemy: Justice and Community in the Aftermath of Mass Atrocity (2004). He has worked on projects in South Africa, Kenya, Indonesia, Albania, Uganda, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Iraq. He authored a book on U.S. experimentation on unwitting human subjects entitled Psychiatry and the CIA: Victims of Mind Control (1990). He is editor-in-chief emeritus of the International Journal of Transitional Justice, a collaboration of the Human Rights Center and the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation in Johannesburg.
Dr. Thomas J. White received his B.A. in Chemistry from Johns Hopkins University and his Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of California at Berkeley. His postdoctoral research was carried out at the University of California Medical Center in San Francisco and at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. From 1978-1989, White was employed at the biotechnology firm Cetus Corporation where he held the positions of Vice President of Research and Associate Director of Research and Development. He worked on the discovery, research and development of human proteins and monoclonal antibodies as therapeutics, such as Betaseron for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, and on diagnostic tests using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology. From 1989-2000 he was Sr. Vice President of Research and Development at Roche Molecular Systems, a diagnostics division of Hoffmann-La Roche. He was responsible for Roche’s R & D program on the AMPLICOR line of PCR- based tests and the COBAS instruments for the medical diagnosis of infectious disease, genetic disease and cancer, and in developing new applications of PCR for basic research, forensics and the human genome project. From 2000-2011, White was Chief Scientific Officer at Celera. His work involved the discovery of new genotyping, expression and proteomic biomarkers and the development of molecular diagnostic products for complex common diseases (cardiovascular, autoimmune, cancer and neurological) as well as host response to infectious diseases. Since retiring, Dr. White was the Regents Lecturer at UC Berkeley in 2012-13 and has been an advisor to the Human Rights Center, the College of Natural Resources, a Trustee of the UC Press Foundation, the SAGE Scholars Program, the Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND) in Geneva, and Compassion & Choices—a nonprofit organization that provides support, education and advocacy for people with a terminal illness. He is the author, with Eric Stover and Henry Erlich, of Silent Witness: Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations and Humanitarian Disasters (Oxford University Press, 2020).
HRC Research Fellows
Patrick Ball, PhD, is the Executive Director of the Human Rights Data Analysis Group. He previously directed the Human Rights Program at Benetech. Since 1991, Dr. Ball has designed information management systems and conducted statistical analysis for large-scale human rights data projects used by truth commissions, nongovernmental organizations, tribunals and United Nations missions in Chad, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, East Timor, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Kosovo, Liberia, Perú, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, and Syria. Dr. Ball holds a PhD from the University of Michigan and a bachelor’s from Columbia University. He is also a Visiting Fellow at the Center for Human Rights Science of Carnegie Mellon University.
Stephen Smith Cody, PhD, is a visiting assistant professor of law at McGeorge University, where he teaches criminal law, international criminal law, and civil procedure and supervises legal research on human rights. He formerly directed the Atrocity Response Program at the Human Rights Center, UC Berkeley School of Law, where he designed and managed research on the International Criminal Court. Cody has conducted fieldwork in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, the Netherlands, and northern Uganda. His interviews with hundreds of atrocity crime survivors have helped determine how best to prepare, support, and protect victims and witnesses who testify against perpetrators of mass violence. Cody’s scholarship combines legal analysis and empirical methodologies—including computer-based coding, semi-structured interviews, and statistical analysis. He has authored reports and academic publications on various topics in human rights and international criminal law and served as an expert consultant on victim participation and witness protection at the International Criminal Court. Cody earned a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, Berkeley and a J.D. from Berkeley Law. As a Fulbright Scholar, he also received an M.Phil. in social anthropology at Cambridge University. Cody graduated summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Temple University, where he was named a Truman Scholar in 2000.
Alison Anitawaru Cole is the Asia-Pacific Coordinator of the Digital Investigations with Berkeley Human Rights Center. She holds a first-class BA honours degree in law from Cambridge University, and participated in the European Erasmus exchange at Utrecht University. She obtained her LLM Master of Laws degree from Harvard Law School and is currently completing a PhD at Amsterdam University. Alison is a registered New York attorney, and is also admitted to the Lincoln’s Inns of Court in London. Alison is one of the few people in the world who has worked at all the United Nations international criminal tribunals, covering a range of responsibilities. She first worked in prosecutions at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, before transferring to investigations at the International Criminal Court and at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal in Cambodia. She has also worked for the appeals judges at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and for the Registry at the Special Court for Sierra Leone. Following these positions with the UN tribunals, Alison worked in policy development as the Open Society Justice Initiative in New York as the project lead for international justice, where she developed human rights strategies with local and global partners, including activists in Afghanistan, Burundi, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Darfur, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Georgia, Guatemala, Kenya, India, Malawi, Mexico, Palestine, Sri Lanka, Uganda, Senegal, Tanzania, Ukraine, Zambia, and on death row in Jamaica. As a legal practitioner, Alison also contemporaneously worked as an adjunct professor at New York University Law School and has written a wide variety of publications, including front-page coverage for The Guardian on international criminal law.
Sarah Craggs has been working with the United Nations Migration Agency (IOM) for more than 15 years, with a specialization on protecting mobile and displaced populations and preventing their exploitation. Most recently, she served as Deputy Chief of Mission, IOM Afghanistan, where she was based in Kabul for more than three years; traveling the country extensively to support program implementation and provide technical assistance to governmental and civil society partners, including the mobility and displacement considerations during a peace process. Prior to Afghanistan, from 2011-2016 she worked with IOM’s Regional Office for the Middle East, North Africa & Gulf (MENA) as senior regional lead on migrant protection and assistance. She has undertaken extensive work on the protection risks and human rights violations facing migrants and refugees in the post Arab Spring context, including direct fieldwork in Libya, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen. In 2015, she helped launch new guidelines for humanitarian practitioners to support the prevention of contemporary forms of slavery, including trafficking in persons, at the UN Human Rights Council. She has also established post-trafficking assistance programmes for exploited migrant workers, including domestic workers, across the MENA region. Previously she worked as anti-trafficking research lead while at IOM Headquarters, 2006-2011, where she pioneered a number of studies on less considered aspects of human trafficking as well as undertaking research on the methodological and ethical issues within the field. Sarah will also be an affiliate research fellow at the Stanford Center for Human Rights and International Justice. She holds a BA (Hons) in Sociology (University of Leeds, UK) and MA in International Criminology (Institute for Criminology Research, School of Law, University of Sheffield, UK).
Rohini J. Haar, MD, MPH, is an emergency medicine physician with expertise in health and human rights. Her work focuses on the protection of human rights in times of complex humanitarian crisis and conflict. She is particularly interested in the protection of health workers and health services. As an emergency medicine physician, she has worked both as academic emergency medicine faculty in New York City and Oakland, as well as on numerous international projects including in Haiti, Senegal, Ghana, Morocco, Palestine/Israel, India and the Thai/Burma border. Dr. Haar has published articles on issues including health in post-conflict states and the reconstruction of health systems after humanitarian disasters. She is particularly interested in developing strong research methodology in fragile contexts. Dr. Haar serves on the board of the SF Bay Area Chapter of Physicians for Social Responsibility and is a consultant for the International Rescue Committee and Physicians for Human Rights.
Eliot Higgins is an award winning investigative journalist, and founder of the Brown Moses Blog and Bellingcat. He publishes the work of an international alliance of fellow investigators using freely available online information. He has helped inaugurate open-source and social media investigations by trawling through vast amounts of data uploaded constantly on to the web and social media sites. His inquiries have revealed extraordinary findings on subjects such as the downing of flight MH17 in Ukraine and the August 2013 Sarin attacks in Damascus. He is currently a visiting research associate at the Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) at the Department of War Studies at King’s College London. In addition to his academic work he is also a nonresident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council’s Future Europe Initiative, where he has produced major report investigating Russia’s involvement in the conflicts in Syria and Ukraine drawing on open source investigation.
Mark Latonero, PhD, is the Lead Researcher for the Data & Human Rights program at Data & Society Research Institute in New York. In addition to the Human Rights Center at Berkeley Law, he is a fellow at USC Annenberg Center for Communication Leadership & Policy and at Leiden University in The Hague. Latonero has also been an innovation consultant with the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. Previously, he was a research professor at USC where he led the Technology and Human Trafficking Initiative. Latonero works on the social impact of emerging technologies particularly in human rights and humanitarian contexts. His research examines the benefits, risks, and harms of data-centric and automated technologies particularly where vulnerable populations are concerned. He has published on a number topics such as the role of networked technologies and data analytics in human trafficking, migration, and refugee contexts. He has led field research in a dozen countries including Cambodia, Greece, Haiti, Pakistan, Philippines, Serbia, and Sri Lanka. These projects have been supported by the US Department of Justice, Open Society Foundations, Humanity United, USAID, and UNICEF among others. Latonero completed his PhD at the University of Southern California and was a postdoctoral scholar at the London School of Economics.
Ms. Magali Maystre is an international criminal and human rights lawyer and adviser with a background of more than 13 years of professional experience in international criminal proceedings and investigations, international human rights law and international humanitarian law. Ms. Maystre is currently working as a Judicial Affairs Officer for the UN in Central African Republic, where she is participating in setting up the Special Criminal Court, an internationalized/hybrid criminal court mandated to investigate, prosecute and judge international crimes committed there. Previously, she was the Legal Advisor/Analyst to the UN Team of International Experts on the Situation in the Kasai/Democratic Republic of Congo, where she co-coordinated a UN international investigation on crimes against humanity, war crimes and serious human rights violations. As a former Legal Advisor in the Appeals Chamber of both the UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (UN ICTY) and the UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (UN ICTR), Ms. Maystre worked on 30 multiple- and single-accused high profile cases related to international crimes and participated in the drafting of a similar number of appeal judgments. Among other professional experience, Ms. Maystre has previously worked for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, where she serves as the Gender Advisor/SGBV Expert-Investigator to the UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea, for the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC, the former United Nations Administrative Tribunal, and the former UN Human Rights Commission. She has also served as an expert for various consultancies, worked for NGOs, and acted as a senior legal advisor for non-profit organizations, such as the Case Matrix Network, including on strengthening national capacities and jurisdiction to investigate, prosecute and adjudicate international crimes. As such, she provided legal advice and participated in the drafting of an amicus curiae brief for the Hissène Habré case before the Extraordinary African Chambers in Senegal. Ms. Maystre has lectured on sexual violence to LL.M. students at Leiden University in The Netherlands and published on various international criminal and human rights law issues, including a book on child soldiers and the first comprehensive digest on the jurisprudence of the UN-ICTY, UN-ICTR and Special Court for Sierra Leone on cases involvingsexual violence in conflict situations. Ms. Maystre is a member of the Justice Rapid Response (JRR) General Roster, the UN Women-JRR Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Justice Experts Roster and has expertise on investigating, prosecuting and judging sexual and gender-based crimes as well as on legal issues related to child soldiers, including when appearing before (international) criminal courts.
Benjamin N. Schiff, PhD, is the James Monroe Professor of Politics at Oberlin College. He teaches courses on various aspects of international relations including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, arms control, war, international organizations and international law. Professor Schiff has published three books on international organizations: International Nuclear Technology Transfer: Dilemmas of Dissemination and Control (1982) about the International Atomic Energy Agency; Refugees unto the Third Generation: UN Aid to Palestinians (1995) about the UN Relief and Works Agency; and Building the International Criminal Court(2008), which won the International Studies Association’s Chadwick Alger Award and the Academic Council on the UN System’s Best Book of 2009 award. With his wife, June Goodwin, he also published Heart of Whiteness: Afrikaners Face Black Rule in the New South Africa (Scribner, 1995).
Collin Sullivan is a human rights technologist, researcher, and advocate. He has trained and supported human rights defenders from more than 25 countries on secure and strategic documentation of human rights abuses. Both during his time in the Benetech Human Rights Program and in his current role at the Center for Digital Resilience, he has contributed to the development and maintenance of open source tools built for human rights researchers, activists, and advocates. He has served on the Technology Advisory Board to the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court, and on the board of LevelUp. His current research focuses on developing targeted strategic approaches to reducing the risk of political violence and large-scale human rights abuses, and to mitigating harm amidst ongoing abuse campaigns. He holds an MA from Northeastern University with contributing coursework from Columbia University, and a BA from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
Patricia del Carmen Vásquez Marías graduated with a doctorate degree in medicine in 1999 from the University of El Salvador and a doctorate from the Department of Pathological Anatomy, Legal and Forensic Medicine, and Toxicology at Zaragoza University in Spain in 2003. She was a professor on the medical faculty of the University of Dr. José Matías Delgado in San Salvador. Since 2007, she has been a genticist at the Asociación Pro Búsqueda de Niñas y Niños Desaparecidos de El Salvador. For nine months in 2011–2012, she worked as a DNA analyst in the forensic genetics department of the Fundación de Antropología Forense de Guatemala. Since 2017, Vasquez has been a genetic forensics professor for second year residents in the legal medicine specialty at the University of El Salvador.
Cathy Zimmerman, PhD, is a senior staff member of the Gender, Violence and Health Centre (GVHC), of the Social and Mathematical Epidemiology Group (SaME) at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. Dr. Zimmerman has conducted some of the first-ever research on health and human trafficking, including two studies in Europe on the health of women in post-trafficking service settings. She is currently leading a program of global research on human trafficking, including a multi-site intervention evaluation of the International Labour Organization’s complex trafficking prevention program in South Asia and the Middle East, multi-country studies on health and human trafficking in the Mekong subregion, South America, Central Asia and research in the United Kingdom for the UK Department of Health. She is a co-author of the WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Interviewing Trafficked Women and co-editor of Caring for Trafficked Persons: Guidance for Health Care Providers (2009). She also conducts research on gender-based violence among asylum-seeking women and in conflict-affected settings and coordinates regularly with organizations providing services for vulnerable migrants. Before coming to LSHTM, Dr. Zimmerman carried out some of the first-ever research on domestic violence in Cambodia and founded a local NGO, Project Against Domestic Violence.